This page contains a range of information and resources aimed at supporting Key Stage One and EYFS children at home. You will find information on the Year One phonics screening tests, resources to support children’s reading and phonics at home as well as general information on what phonics is.
What is Phonics?
Words are made up from small units of sound called phonemes. Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully and identify the phonemes that make up each word. This helps children to learn to read words and to spell words
In phonics lessons children are taught three main things:
They are taught GPCs. This stands for grapheme phoneme correspondences. This simply means that they are taught all the phonemes in the English language and ways of writing them down. These sounds are taught in a particular order.
Children are taught to be able to blend. This is when children say the sounds that make up a word and are able to merge the sounds together until they can hear what the word is. This skill is vital in learning to read.
Children are also taught to segment. This is the opposite of blending. Children are able to say a word and then break it up into the phonemes that make it up. This skill is vital in being able to spell words.
There are 6 phases in phonics, phase 1 is generally taught to your child during their time at nursery and focuses on developing childrens abilities to listen to, make, explore and talk about sounds. Once children begin their primary education they will continue their phase 1 work along side moving onto phase 2 and beyond. Children learn and and develop their phonics knowledge at different rates and we support this by grouping children to allow them to focus on the phase specific to them.